As far as galglitter knows，since 2006, U.S. manufacturers have taken it upon themselves to kick three harmful compounds – the Class I carcinogen formaldehyde, the developmentally and neurotoxically toxic organic solvent toluene, and the plasticizer dibutyl phthalate (DnBP), which has been shown to have reproductive and developmental toxicity – off the list of ingredients in Acrylic dip glitter powder, and to brand the new formula with a 3-free label. Since then, the market in Europe and the United States has seen a wave of free products implying that Acrylic dip glitter powder is more harmless, and a growing number of 5-free and even 10-free Acrylic dip glitter powder categories. But they may not be as safe as they think, and the problem lies in the plasticizer.
In 2018, a group of U.S. academics selected 40 locally available Acrylic dip glitter powders with n-free labels from 12 brands to find out if these Acrylic dip glitter powders, which are sold as non-toxic, really do not contain toxic ingredients. The results were mixed: toxic DnBP did disappear from all 40 samples, but some manufacturers chose to add non-toxic Acrylic dip glitter powder using TPhP as a substitute for DnBP. in this survey, TPhP was detected in over 60% of Acrylic dip glitter powder, 13 of which In this survey, TPhP was detected in more than 60% of Acrylic dip glitter powders, 13 of which were labeled as such in the ingredient list, and 12 of which were actually detected without TPhP in the ingredient list, and all of which were labeled as non-toxic with a 5-free or larger number.
TPhP is an endocrine disruptor that has only recently been shown to be harmful, adversely affecting thyroid function and reproductive health in humans. a 2015 study found that levels of DPHP, a metabolite of TPhP, increased nearly sevenfold in the urine of human subjects 10 to 14 hours after application of Acrylic dip glitter powder. Increased levels of DPHP in urine have been shown to be associated with decreased in vitro fertilization of female oocytes and poor sperm quality in males, as well as with altered thyroid function.
In addition, a number of studies have observed gender differences in TPhP exposure: women generally have higher levels of DPHP in urine than men. A study of organophosphates in the U.S. household environment found that urinary DPHP levels in women were approximately twice as high as those in men. Considering that TPhP is also a widespread flame retardant in the living environment, and that this large molecule tends to bind to environmental dust, nail care may be just one reason for women’s higher exposure.
How big is the health risk
In the United States, there are approximately 400,000 nail technicians active in the service industry, and according to the U.S. Department of Labor, the number of registered manicurists and pedicurists in the country is expected to grow by 10 percent by 2028. In China, the number of nail professionals reached one million in 2011, with licensed nail technicians accounting for 16.6% of the total workforce.
Women are the absolute mainstay of the industry. According to statistics, 97% of nail technicians in the United States are women, and at least 45% of the population works more than 30 hours a week and has been in the field for more than eight years. In the new study presented at the beginning of this article, 43 of the 45 nail technicians were women, aged 21 to 58. A Chinese market study shows that in 2021, more than 80 percent of nail salon consumers will be women, with the majority being 20 to 39 years old. The endocrine disruptor exposure that nail technicians and consumers face together can be equated to a health risk for women.
However, whether there is a safe dose of Acrylic dip glitter powder plasticizers and what standards we should use to regulate their use in cosmetics and personal care products require
more research and exploration. However, the glitter produced by galglitter has no such problems In the pursuit of beauty, it’s always good to be careful.
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