ectopic kidney

An ectopic kidney is a kidney located downward, above, or on the opposite side of the kidney’s average situation in the urinary tract. The two kidneys are presented near the middle of your back. The urinary tract consists of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

An ectopic kidney usually doesn’t induce any symptoms or health difficulties, and many people never find out that they have the situation. An ectopic kidney is usually seen during a fetal ultrasound, an imaging test that utilizes sound waves to make a picture of how a newborn is growing in the womb, or during medical trials done to inspect for a urinary tract infection or to locate the reason of abdominal discomfort. 

In the womb, a fetus’s kidneys first grow as slight buds in the more inferior belly inside the pelvis. During the first 8 weeks of development, the fetus’s kidneys gradually transfer from the pelvis to their regular position in the back near the rib cage. 

Pelvic kidney:

When the kidney remains in the pelvis, it is named a pelvic kidney. If the kidney transits to a different side of the body, it is called transited renal ectopia. An ectopic kidney may stay in the pelvis, around the bladder. 

Other health problems can cause an ectopic kidney 

An ectopic kidney usually doesn’t generate health problems, or complications, and may perform normally. Most people are born with two kidneys and people who have an ectopic kidney are more possible to have vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). VUR is a situation in which urine flows back from the bladder to one or both ureters, and occasionally to the kidneys. In some people, an ectopic kidney can stop urine from accurately draining from the body or may be associated with VUR.

Urinary tract infection:

In a urinary tract with slow or stopped urine drainage or VUR, bacteria in the urine do not leave the urinary tract.

Kidney stones: 

Kidney stones, also called urinary tract calculi, develop from minerals commonly located in the urine, such as calcium and oxalate. 

Trauma:

 An ectopic kidney in your more inferior belly or pelvis or a linked ectopic kidney may be a greater danger for damage from specific types of hurt or trauma. Talk with your best Nephrologists in Lahore about treatment choices if you have any of these health issues.

An ectopic kidney may result from

  • a badly developed kidney bud
  • a problem in the kidney tissue 
  • a genetic fault that induces a genetic ailment
  • a sickness, infection, or medication or chemical reaction 

 Symptoms of an ectopic kidney:

Most people with an ectopic kidney include no symptoms. If difficulties appear, however, symptoms may include

  • the ache in your tummy or back
  • urinary frequency or quickness
  • hematuria, or blood in the urine
  • bump or mass in the belly
  • high blood pressure

How to diagnose an ectopic kidney?

Many people who have an ectopic kidney don’t find it unless they have trials done for other causes or the ectopic kidney was found during a prenatal ultrasound.

If you have an ectopic kidney and it’s not causing signs or other health issues, you generally don’t need further testing or cures.

Imaging tests:

A specially prepared technician performs imaging tests at an outpatient camp or hospital, and a radiologist examines the images.

Health care experts use the following imaging tests to assist diagnose and handling an ectopic kidney.

  • Ultrasound external link utilizes sound waves to look at forms inside your body. The pictures can reveal the location of the kidneys.
  • Voiding cystourethrograms use x-rays NIH exterior link to indicate how urine flows through the bladder and urethra.
  • Radionuclide scans NIH external link, also named nuclear scans, may display the location and extent of an ectopic kidney and may deliver any blockages in the urinary system.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) NIH external link uses a magnetic domain and radio waves without radiation to make images of your organs and forms inside your body. 

An ultrasound can indicate the place of your kidneys.

How to treat an ectopic kidney?

Your health care specialist may not require you to treat your ectopic kidney if it isn’t causing signs or injury to your body or kidney. If tests reveal that you have a blockage or further potential complications in the urinary tract, you should contact a Nephrologist like Dr. Aijaz Ahmed and he may suggest further follow-up or surgery to correct the abnormality.

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