All you need to know about Grasshopper life cycle

Last Updated on February 13, 2023 by admin


Grasshopper also referred to as jumping insect, belongs to the “Caelifera” suborder. They live in different habitats. They have different colors ranging from green to olive and brown, some have yellow or red spots.

Grasshopper life cycle: All stages

Indian insect life Calcutta ;Thacker, Spink & Co., W. Thacker & Co., 2 Creed Lane, London,1909.

After hatching, a nymph has a 50% chance of survival. Grasshoppers play an essential role in the ecosystem by becoming the food for predators to complete the food chain.


From this stage, the life cycle starts. Female grasshopper lays fertilized eggs under the sand or the leaves. After the deposition of eggs with ovipositor, then hard egg pods are formed. These egg pods contain about 10 to 300 eggs, more than ten egg pods. These egg pods remain inactive for about ten months in the winter and autumn seasons. These eggs convert into a nymph by the start of the spring season.

Nymph Stage

This is the second stage of the lifecycle when eggs hatch, and they start eating soft, juicy, and moist plants. Nymphs are tiny grasshoppers, they don’t have wings, and their color is light. There is 5 to 6 molt for their transformation to become adults. Depending on species, humidity, and temperature, this stage lasts for 5 to 10 days. During molting, there is an increase in body size, and wings develop on the “thorax” body part.

Adult Stage

The wings completely develop in this stage, and the nymph is changed to an adult. During the change from egg to mature, the grasshopper is of eleven months. An adult gains maturity in 15 days. Their survival span is for 30 days. They have wings and can hunt food and protect themselves from predators. Grasshoppers live for 12 months.

Mating & Reproduction

Grasshoppers mate in the summer months. The male grasshopper will produce a courtship song to attract a female. If the female is receptive, she will mate with the male. The female will then lay her eggs in the soil, which will hatch into nymphs the following spring. The nymphs will grow and molt several times before reaching adulthood and reproducing themselves.

Predators & Adaptations

Grasshoppers have several predators including birds, reptiles, and small mammals. To avoid being eaten, grasshoppers have developed several adaptations, such as:

  1. Camouflage: Many grasshoppers have coloration that blends in with their surroundings, making them less visible to predators.
  2. Leap: Grasshoppers can leap quickly to escape danger.
  3. Acoustic defense: Some grasshoppers produce a loud, sharp sound to startle predators.
  4. Chemical defense: Some species produce chemicals that are toxic or distasteful to predators, which serves as a deterrent.
  5. Mimicry: Some species mimic the appearance of other toxic or unpalatable species to deter predators.

These adaptations help grasshoppers to survive and ensure the survival of their species.

Kinds of Grasshoppers 

LongHorn: These grasshoppers have long antennae, together with two ‘feelers,’ equal to their body length.

ShortHorn: These grasshoppers’ antennae are a quarter of their body size. Due to migration

called Locust. When finding food during migration destroyed many fields.

Body Features of grasshopper

  • They are mostly “green,” “brown,” and “grey” in color.
  • The average weight of a grasshopper is about 300mg
  • The length varies from 1.3 cm to 15 cm.
  • The size of female grasshoppers is greater than male grasshoppers.

Parts of body 

The body parts of grasshoppers are the “Head,” “Thorax,” and “Abdomen.”


 It consists of eyes, mouth, and antennae. Their mouth is specially designed such that the jaws move to-and-fro in the direction only. A tasting organ is used for tasting.

Parts of Mouth

  • Upper Lip (Labrum): The structure is rectangular, rough, and wide, holding the food.
  • Hypo pharynx: It is like a tongue that is present with the Labrum. 
  • Mandibles: It is a triangular structure that is hard, big, and heavy with rough edges, each present on both sides. It moves horizontally and crushes the food.
  • Maxillae: It is present in the pair back side of Mandibles. 
  • Labium: It is the lower lip that consists of many parts on each side. It also holds the food between the Mandibles and Maxillae.

There are five eyes of Grasshoppers. It has large eyes on either side. These eyes are made of many lenses. These lenses are used to complete the picture. It can sense the vision and can change the perceived light intensity.

Two antennas are present on the head of the body: shorthorn and longhorn. Shorthorns point in the forward direction. In comparison, longhorns are curved towards the back of the body.


It is the central boy part of the grasshoppers. The wings and the legs (Three pairs) are joined with Thorax. Hind legs are thick, long, and muscular thighs through which grasshoppers can jump, and their flying speed is 8 miles/hour. 

There are four wings present on the Thorax. When wings are not in use, they are folded backward lengthwise. Longhorn grasshoppers have hearing organs that are present on the front legs below the knees. While in Shorthorn grasshoppers, these organs are present in the abdomen under the wings.

“Spiracles” are small breathing holes that are present in the body. There are ten spiracles pairs of grasshoppers. From the body, front holes take in the air, and back holes take out the air.


There are eleven segments in the abdomen. The first segment, “Metathorax,” is attached. There is an “auditory organ” with an eardrum cover (Tympanum).

The abdomen of female grasshoppers is triangular in shape and has a sharp-pointed end.

The male abdomen has a single unpaired plate that has the reproductive organ (Genitalia). 

Grasshoppers have a hearing organ (Tympanal) present at the bottom of the abdomen. It has an open circulatory system. There is a heart and hemolymph in the abdomen. They have a rigid exoskeleton structure. They have Green Blood because they do not carry oxygen.

What Is The Lifespan Of A Grasshopper?

One year is the life expectancy of the grasshopper, an insect species that flies and is a member of the Orthoptera order and class. Numerous grasshoppers reproduce as summer gives way to fall, and male and female grasshoppers mate.

Do Grasshoppers Sleep?

Grasshoppers have a severe food addiction and consume both during the day and at night. If you think about when they find time for sleep, the answer is that they sleep, but only for a short period at night.

How Can A Grasshopper Recover From Losing A Leg?

Molting occurs as grasshoppers grow. If a leg was lost early in the remodeling process mechanism, it might be possible for it to grow back gradually throughout each cycle. They may be left legless for their lives if they shed it as adolescents or near the end of their hatching periods of growth.


Grasshopper’s lifecycle is unpredictable. They play an essential role in the food chain mechanism. The life cycle of grasshoppers takes less time, and their life span is about one year. They have many enemies, such as lizards, rodents, and birds. A swarm can cause more significant damage to crops in large amounts. They have the highest population in warm and cool areas.

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  • Why do the grasshoppers jump?

Grasshoppers jump because their hind legs are long. They can telescope the incoming predators.

  • What is Locust?

Locust has long and strong wings which it has better flight properties and is smaller in size than grasshoppers.

  • Is poison present in grasshoppers or not?

Grasshoppers are not poisonous; in fact, they have a chemical defense system in their body for predators. They emit a terrible odor for the repulsion of predators.

  • What to feed Grasshoppers in Captivity?

They can be fed young plants as their favorite plants are fresh reed and canary grass.

  • Where are grasshoppers mostly found?

They are primarily found in lowland tropical forests and grasslands.

  • How many species of grasshoppers are there?

There are more than 10000 known species.

  • From which group of insects do the grasshoppers belong according to Wikipedia?

According to Wikipedia, The grasshopper, a group of insects, belongs to the suborder “Caelifera.”