Last Updated on September 22, 2022 by

Learning a new instrument is fun. You acquire a new skill. However, the most crucial step while learning something new is to know that you are doing it right.

In this case, a step-by-step guide can direct you well. Similarly, for a piano beginner, learning through a guide that includes basics like how piano keys labeled, piano notes, and scales can start the journey in the right direction.

So, if you are someone willing to learn piano but don’t know where to start, dear reader, you are at the right place. Let’s begin with not-so-scary basics.

 A Guide To Playing Piano as a Beginner   


The beginning has to be comfortable. So, in this guide, I will share some basics to start your piano learning.

1. Get Your Posture Right  

Maintaining the proper posture from head to toe is essential while playing the piano. A wrong posture can affect playability. Some beginner tips would be:

  • Sit with a straight back
  • Relax your shoulders, arms, elbows, and wrists
  • Place both hands on the piano keys
  • Try playing with the piano fingering rule
  • Don’t put pressure on your fingertips

As a beginner, following it as a routine can be annoying. But with practice comes dexterity. So, keep up to it.

2.  Get Familiar With Keys on Piano     

The keys simply mean the buttons that play notes. A standard piano contains 88 keys that include 36 black and 52 white keys. Each key denotes a note.

If you see, the black keys follow a 2-3-2-3 pattern. These keys represent sharps# and flats 𝄬. The white keys are straightforward. They represent natural notes. In fact, you can play the entire C Major scale using white keys only.

3. Learn  Piano Notes and Their Names  

There are 12 different notes, 7 on white and 5 on black keys. If you go up to the right, you get a higher sound. Whereas, if you play the same notes lower down to the left, You hear its lower version.

You don’t have to worry about memorizing each note as every note is named with an alphabet. The notes follow A to G letters. For example, if we take the C Major scale, the scale will start from the root note C and go like C D E F G A B C.

The A to G pattern continues till the last key on the piano.

Let’s see the 12 notes From C.


As you can see, C# is also Db. D# is Eb. F# is Gb. G# is Ab. A# is Bb.

The flats denote minor scale. This way, the notes are named and identified.

4.  Familiarize Yourself With Common Piano Terms

Apart from keys and notes, you must know a few other musical terms as a beginner.


The 8 notes (as you can see above in the C Major scale) including the root, are called an Octave. Three kinds of octaves are Lower, Middle, and Higher. The series continues after every 7 notes.


Though the notes are placed next to each other, there is a distance between two consecutive notes, known as Interval. For instance, the distance between C to D or C# to D#. The distance can be a Half step (Semitone) or a Whole step (Tone).

2 Half steps = 1 Whole step

So, C to D = Half step

C# to D# = Whole step

Nowadays, many platforms are providing piano lessons online. Well, you can start your piano learning with EnthuZiastic. It’s a beginner-friendly platform where you get to learn from experts. In fact, you can customize the lessons with your schedule.

Let’s move ahead.

5. Use Piano Fingering  

There is no hard and fast rule for piano fingering as everyone uses different fingers for comfort. But there is a basic fingering rule that can be commonly used.

Each finger is named with a specific number:

1 – Thumb

2 – Index

3 – Middle

4 – Ring

5 – Pinky


Piano fingering makes the playing easier. You don’t need to juggle between the keys and fingers.

 6.  Learn Piano Scales   

The scales are the colors that we use to create a melody. A basic understanding of scale is enough when you are starting out. So, don’t worry much and let’s move to the scales.

Different scales have unique characteristics. The two scales that are often used are Major and Minor. I will give you an easy way to identify if it’s a Major scale or Minor scale.

When you hear a tune that makes you feel complete and happy, it’s a Major scale. Whereas, the notes that give you a restless, sad, or uneasy feeling is a Minor scale. But it depends upon how you arrange notes using a minor scale. The tune will instantly sound different even if you change a single note.

Other than scales, there are chords. But we will learn the later part in the next guide as I don’t want you to learn in a rush.


The piano theory is an ocean. But I thought of sharing an elemental guide with you. Because as a beginner, you need to allow some time to grasp the basics first.

“It’s in the roots, not in branches.” So, first, master the basics.

See you in the next musical guide. Till then, keep improving!

Apart from that if you want to know about musical instrument then please visit our Education page

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David Harnold
David's versatile blogging expertise spans across multiple domains, including fashion, finance, and education. With 5 years of experience, he curates engaging content that resonates with his audience, offering practical advice and inspiration in equal measure.