Did you know that the eye is the second most complex organ in the body? For one thing, it can process over 30,000 bits of information per hour.
At the same time, it’s fragile. It’s also prone to various disorders. In fact, it’s estimated that 12 million Americans over the age of 40 have some sort of vision impairment.
What types of eye conditions are there? What are some of the most common eye disorders that exist?
For the answers, be sure to keep reading! We’ll be going over everything that you need to know below.
Glaucoma is a complex disease in which there’s a buildup of pressure inside the eye. Left untreated, it can damage the optic nerve; this can result in permanent vision loss or blindness.
There are two main types of glaucoma: narrow-angle glaucoma and open-angle glaucoma, the former of which is considered a medical emergency. In open-angle, the pressure in the eye builds gradually whereas with narrow-angle, it’s much more sudden.
See your doctor right away if you’re experiencing severe eye pain, redness in your eye, blurred vision, or other vision disturbances.
Dry eye is one of the most common conditions when it comes to eye health. It occurs when the eyes produce too few tears or if the tears evaporate too quickly.
This can make your eyes prone to infections. Not only that, but it can also cause eye inflammation and abrasion of the corneal surface.
Common symptoms include redness, watery tearing, and blurry vision. Some people may also notice their eyes feeling heavy.
As far as medications go, there are artificial tears that you can use to lubricate the eyes. For example, you can get over-the-counter eye drops or ointments. These treatments contain ingredients such as carboxymethylcellulose, which will help keep the eyes moist.
Diabetic retinopathy is the most frequent complication of diabetes. It’s caused by chronically high sugar levels, which over time, damages the blood vessels in the retina—this can lead to blindness.
However, most people will not experience any symptoms during the initial stages. As the condition progresses, however, symptoms will be much more noticeable.
For example, you may experience blurred vision, impaired color vision, poor night vision, or eye floaters.
While there’s no cure for the disease, there are many treatments that can prevent, delay, or reduce vision loss. For example, your doctor may suggest laser treatments to shrink the blood vessels in the eye.
The Most Common Types of Eye Conditions Explained
And there you have it—three types of eye conditions that can affect your vision. For those who are experiencing symptoms, talk to an optometrist. They’ll be able to identify the issue with a comprehensive eye exam.
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